Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed solely upon the blood of warm-blooded animals. They have adapted well to living in the homes of people. They are most abundant in rooms where people sleep, and they generally hide nearest the bed or other furniture used for sleeping. When disturbed, they actively seek shelter in dark cracks and crevices.They seek out people and animals, generally at night while these hosts are asleep, and painlessly sip a few drops of blood. While feeding, they inject a tiny amount saliva into the skin and drink the host's blood.
Hatchling bed bugs are about the size of a poppy seed, and adults are about 1/4 of an inch in length. Their color ranges from nearly white (just after molting) or a light tan to a deep brown or burnt orange. The host's blood may appear as a dark red or black mass within the bug's body.
Once their identity is confirmed, a careful plan should be devised to eliminate the bed bugs in a manner that promotes success while limiting unnecessary costs and exposure to insecticides. Don't discard furniture and don't treat until and unless you have a plan.